Djehuty: “Keeper of Time— Lord of Writing”; from “Invoking the Egyptian Gods”, (Judith Page & Ken Biles)

“Keeper of Time— Lord of Writing”

Djehuty, more commonly known as Thoth, is the leader of the elder gods known as the Ogdoad.
His name comes from the ibis bird, and translates as “he who is like the ibis.” We get the name Thoth from the English translation of the Greek letters that spell his Egyptian name.
Djehuty is usually depicted as a man with the head of an ibis.

As the “reckoner of times and seasons,” he wears a headdress of the lunar disk supported on the crescent moon. He has also been depicted as a full ibis, a baboon, a dog-faced baboon, or a man with the head of a baboon.

Djehuty was the primary mediator between good and evil, making sure that each was in balance, one never getting a decisive victory over the other. As the scribe, he was the one who created the written word and the Egyptian hieroglyphics. In the Underworld, he was the one who recorded where the scales rested in the weighing of the heart against the feather of Ma’at.

As a member of the Ogdoad, Djehuty was self-created, having no parentage. As the master of divine law (both the physical and moral laws), Djehuty was the definition of Ma’at and its proper use. Djehuty made the calculations for the establishment of the universe we live in. His feminine counterpart was Ma’at, who is the force that maintains the universe.

The Egyptians credited Djehuty as the divine author of all works of science, philosophy, religion, and magick. The Greeks went even further and made him the author of every work of every branch of knowledge, human or divine.
Djehuty is also a creator god according to the Ogdoad. In the form of the ibis, Djehuty laid the egg from which Ra was born. This story was so powerful to the people of Egypt that it still exists in our common knowledge today as the goose that lays the golden egg.

Djehuty was the deification of the moon. In the Ogdoad, the moon and the sun were the eyes of Horus. Over time, the moon gained importance, and was deified in its own right. The moon was a primary source for keeping time. With its shorter cycle of twenty-eight days, it is much more accurate for shorter spans of time than the sun.
The crescent moon resembles the beak of the ibis, thus Djehuty became the moon god. Baboons are sacred to him, and sing to the moon at night.
The moon played a prominent part in the timing of ancient Egyptian civil and religious events. It also gave light like the sun, by which the dark night of Nut was held at bay. As an accurate way of determining weeks and months, it became a prominent measure of time. The moon was the measurement and regulation of events and of time itself. Thus, Djehuty became the Lord of Time.

As Ra, the sun god, was also used to measure the time of seasons, Djehuty became his temporal counselor. So important was this concept of time and order that Djehuty and Ma’at stand at the
side of Ra as he makes his way through the night on his sky boat.
Djehuty is also the divine scribe, “the master of the written word, who speaks the word into reality.”

From: “Invoking the Egyptian Gods”, by Judith Page & Ken Biles