Thoth, “Master of divine words and sacred writings”; from “The Book of Doors Divination Deck…” (Athon Veggi, Alison Davidson)
One of the most powerful gods worshiped throughout Egypt was Tehuti, or Thoth, “Master of divine words and sacred writings” […]. His main center was the city of Hermopolis, or Khemennu, where he was head of the company of the Eight Primordials in ancient times. He was also in other companies of gods, including Memphis and Thebes, and his presence was described in all of the main myths passed down through the dynasties.
Tehuti is another Neter not born from any god. He was said to have emerged from the watery abyss of Nu along with Maat, his female counterpart, and Ra. He is a cosmic principle that mediates between the worlds, and being “the heart and tongue of Ra,” he was the medium through which the will of Ra was expressed. In the ancient myths it is Tehuti who speaks the words of power to carry out Ra’s wishes; it is Tehuti who gives Auset the magical words that revive the dead Ausar so she might conceive Heru, and that revive Heru after he is fatally stung by a scorpion.
Above all, Tehuti is divine intelligence, the universal mind with all of its powers of speech and creation. As “scribe of the gods,” or in particular, the “scribe of Maat,” Tehuti formulates all the words of creation and records them in the akasha, or universal memory. But his word only has power when he is together with Maat, who is the Cosmic Law, which is the same as saying when the mind is centered in the heart.
Where Maat is a cosmic principle detached from human affairs, Tehuti is intimately connected with the life and death of every individual, and he teaches the knowledge of magic indispensable for the soul’s safe passage through the Duat. He also arbitrates between Heru and Seth in their struggle for supremacy, understanding the necessity for both principles and keeping these forces in the exact equilibrium of Maat.
He is the mediator par excellence between humans and the Neters in the same way the moon is the mediator between the earth and the cosmos, reflecting the light and energy of the sun onto earth and maintaining a perfect balance in the ebb and flow of all water and fluids.
While the primordial power of creation originates the principle, it needs to be spoken in order to manifest form. As the power of creating through speech and writing, Tehuti was the principle beneath all knowledge, all science. he is said to have existed as a human way back in the earliest Egyptian days, a being of another order who, along with Auset and Ausar, brought knowledge from other worlds to the human race. As a living Neter he established a common language, invented the alphabet and established the worship of the gods in the temples built by Ausar. He gave humans the first principles of astronomy, music, and medicine and was the author of all books connecting human and divine knowledge.
The ibis bird, whose head Tehuti wears and from which his name is derived. symbolizes the heart, the center of the mind and intelligence of Tehuti. The curved shape of the ibis beak also emphasizes Tehuti’s lunar nature, and he is sometimes referred to as the “Black Eye of Heru,” or the moon, which he established in its orbit around the earth.
The other animal most closely associated with Tehuti, […] is the dog-headed ape who represents the waning moon and is often shown wearing the lunar crescent and disc. This animal was regarded as having strong affinities with the primal atavistic energies emerging in the dark fortnight of the moon.In connection with these lunar phases we find that Ka (whose light the moon reflects) possessed seven souls and fourteen doubles and the fourteen ka of Ra were given him by Tehuti. One image shows Tehuti standing by the side of a lotus pillar that supports heaven, and resting on heaven is a crescent containing the uatchat of Tehuti. Leading up to the top of the pillar is a flight of steps of unequal length, which are intended to represent the first fourteen days of the month. At the foot stand fourteen Neters, the first of these being Atum, who has his right foot resting on the first step, the shortest step. His foot signifies the act of stepping through, a potent symbol of initiation into the Egyptian Mysteries. The steps leading upward are each assigned their particular deity. Each is an initiation into the lunar powers, taking the aspirant trough a process or inner enlightenment corresponding to the waxing of the moon, and ascending to culminate in the full Moon by the by the utchat of Tehuti as the utchat of Ra represents the midday sun. The full moon is the the darkness of the night, to reveal a higher knowledge, which includes perception of pet, the spiritual world.
Quoted from: “The Book of Doors Divination Deck: An Alchemical Oracle from Ancient Egypt”, by Athon Veggi, Alison Davidson