Thoth, from: “Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses”, by Michael Jordan
ORIGIN Egyptian. God of the moon and of wisdom.
KNOWN PERIOD OF WORSHIP circa 3000 BC until the end of Egyptian history circa AD 400.
SYNONYMS Djeheuty (archaic).
CENTER(S) OF CULT Khemnu [el-Ashmunein] or Hermopolis (Greek). Also in the Sinai, in Nubia and in the Dakhleh oasis in the western desert.
ART REFERENCES sculpture; stone reliefs; wall paintings, etc.
LITERARY SOURCES Pyramid Texts; coffin texts, etc.
Thoth is the patron deity of scribes and of knowledge, including scientific, medical and mathematic writing, and is said to have given mankind the art of hieroglyphic writing. He is important as a mediator and counselor among the gods and is the scribe of the Heliopolis Ennead pantheon.
Thoth is described in some inscriptions as a son of Re, but according to mythology he was born from the head of the god Seth. He may be depicted in human form with the head of an ibis, wholly as an ibis, or as a seated baboon sometimes with its torso covered in feathers. His attributes include a crown which consists of a crescent moon surmounted by a moon disc.
Thoth is generally regarded as a benign deity. He is also scrupulously fair and is responsible not only for entering in the record the souls who pass to the afterlife, but of ajudicating in the Hall of the Two Truths. The Pyramid Texts reveal a violent side of his nature by which he decapitates the adversaries of truth and wrenches out their hearts.
Quoted from: “Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses, Second Edition”, © 2004, 1993 by Michael Jordan