Thoth, from “Daily life of Ancient Egyptians” (Bob Brier and Hoyt Hobbs)

Thoth, the god of wisdom, usually depicted as an ibis-headed god (but sometimes as a baboon), was the fabled inventor of writing and so was also called upon for clinical matters.
Ancient Greek authors tell us that Thoth inspired a series of forty-two encyclopedic books, of which thirty-six, according to Clement of Alexandria, dealt with philosophy and general knowledge; the remaining six concerned medicine. One volume covered anatomy, another diseases, others surgery, remedies, diseases of the eye and diseases of women. Because the Greeks identified Thoth with their own god Hermes, these works became known as the Hermetic books.

Quoted from: “Daily life of the ancient Egyptians”, © Bob Brier and Hoyt Hobbs, 2008

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